This online course aims to deepen the study of the development of the European integration process in terms of institutional reform, European citizenship, internal market, main policies and external relations of the European Union. In particular, this course will focus on the European Policy of Citizenship, Asylum and Immigration, one of the most developed policies that belong to the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice and, therefore, related to Human Rights.
The main result of this course will be not only to identify and understand the social realities of the EU regarding the use of areas of common interest, but also to find solutions and make proposals to European institutions taking into account the interests of citizens.
This course aims to study how EU legislation addresses human rights within its citizenship, asylum and immigration legislation. The course is aimed at students of all degres.
- I. Citizenship and nationality. Citizenship concept The politicization of immigration. The rise of xenophobic populist parties in Europe.
- II. Free movement of citizens within the Union. Strengthening of the Schengen area. «Regulatory acquis»: the Schengen Borders Code – Strengths and threats. Operational cooperation: FRONTEX and FRONTEX «plus». The common EU visa policy (short-term visas). The determination of third countries whose nationals are exempt from obtaining a visa to enter the EU. Brexit
- III. A common immigration policy. Management of flows of migrants and refugees. Immigration and the rights of third-country nationals. The admission of immigrants. Economic-labor immigration, family immigration, humanitarian immigration.
- IV. The social integration of immigrants and their direct descendants. The concept of integration. Integration as a process and as a result
- V. The fight against irregular immigration and the trafficking of migrants. Repression of irregular immigration and trafficking. Return of irregular immigrants. Limits in human rights. Dialogue and cooperation with non-EU countries. The situation of unaccompanied minors. The impact of human rights in the EU. Special reference to the European Convention on Human Rights.
- VI. The common asylum policy. International regulation of the right of asylum. The 1951 Geneva Convention on refugee status. The evolution of the common asylum policy in the EU. The common European asylum system (SECA). Temporary protection The reception of asylum seekers in the Member States. International protection: refugee status and beneficiary of subsidiary protection. Asylum procedures
- VII. Procedures for granting refugee status. Management of the refugee crisis. Meet the conditions to qualify for refugee status. Dialogue and cooperation with non-EU countries.
- VIII. Social participation of immigrants in the European Union.
- First edition 2019